COP21: what you need to know [fr]
Saturday 12th December, an historical agreement has been reached by the 196 parties at Paris Conference On Climate, COP21, after weeks of intense negotiations.
Laurent Fabius, French Foreign Minister and President of the Paris Conference on Climate, COP21, presented Saturday the text that was adopted a few hours later by the 196 parties. This text is the results of months of negotiations, and intense weeks of work during the whole conference that began on November 30th. In his final speech, Mr. Fabius highlighted the main points of the resolution-to-be:
"For I firmly believe that we have reached an ambitious and balanced draft agreement which reflects the positions of the Parties. It will be distributed to you in a few minutes. I do not want to enter into all the details here, but I would nevertheless like to highlight a few points. This text, which is necessarily a balanced text, contains the main steps forward which many of us thought it would be impossible to achieve. The proposed draft agreement is differentiated, fair, sustainable, dynamic, balanced and legally binding. It is faithful to the Durban mandate. It acknowledges the notion of “climate justice” and takes into account, for each issue, the countries’ differentiated responsibilities and their respective capabilities in the light of different national circumstances. It confirms our central, even vital objective of holding the increase in average temperature to well below 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit this increase to 1.5°C, which would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change. It sets an ambitious but necessary long-term target. It makes reducing greenhouse gas emissions everyone’s responsibility, through the submission or updating, every five years, of national contributions, which in this case can only become more ambitious. It focuses heavily on adaptation to the effects of climate change. It recognizes the permanent, preeminent need for cooperation on loss and damage. It provides for the resources needed to enable universal access to sustainable development, by mobilizing appropriate means of implementation; in addition, the draft decision of our Conference stipulates that the $100 billion per year planned for 2020 will need to be a floor for post-2020 and that a new quantified target will need to be set by 2025 at the latest. This text should strengthen mutual confidence between the Parties, thanks to a stronger transparency framework, which takes into account the capabilities of each Party and is based on the existing systems. It provides for a global stocktake of our progress every five years, which will enable to us to take collective action if our efforts fall short of the targets set. If it is adopted, this text will therefore mark a historical turning point. And more generally, this COP21 is a real turning point, both in terms of non-governmental action - that of local governments, businesses and many organizations - and in terms of the establishment of a universal legal agreement."
To read the full Speech of Mr. Fabius at the Final Plenary Session : here
To read the final resolution and other related COP21 documents: here
To see and relive the COP21 two weeks of negotiations : here